WASH AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION
Poverty alleviation is not one of the MDGs, it is the MDG itself. How do I mean? The MDGs are international target to half the World Poverty by 2015 or to reduce the world poverty by half.
The relationship between WASH and Poverty Alliviation reveals the relationship between WASH and the MDGs. How so?
WASH AND THE MDGs
What is WASH and what is MDGs?
WASH is an acronym used to represent “Water,Sanitation and Hygiene” projects.. Originally it is called WES (Water and Environmental Sanitation) but as at 2007, after the UN has realized that any Water and Sanitation project without Hygiene
Education is not completed and would not be sustainable, they adopted
the acronym that incorporate hygiene into the existing one. It is an
integral part of the MDGs.
The MDGs are international target to half the World Poverty by 2015 or to reduce the world poverty by half.
Background MDGs and WASH
• September 2000: The United Nations General Assembly adopted the eight Millennium
Development Goals that challenged the global community to reduce poverty
and increase the health and well-being of all peoples.
• September 2002: The
World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa,
reaffirmed these goals (the MDGs) and adds access to basic sanitation as
centre piece of the poverty eradication commitments.
The target to halve the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015 was defined in the Johannesburg Plan of Action (JPOI)
• April 2004: The Twelfth Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable
Development (CSD – 12) held in New York, reviewed the state if
implementation of the Goals and Targets in the thematic areas of water,
sanitation and human settlements. CSD -12 identified constructions to
and continuing challenges for the implementation of these goals
including the J POI targets on access to basic sanitation.
• April 2005: on the basis of the foregoing, CSD/-13 recommended policy action to be
implemented by member States in addressing these challenges.
2006: The United Nations General Assembly decided to declare 2008 the
International Year of Sanitation (GA Resolution 61/192 of 20 December
General Assembly encouraged member of State to take advantage of the
International Year to increase awareness of the importance of sanitation
to promote action at all levels, taking in to account, the
recommendations of CSD-13.
November 2007: The International Year of Sanitation (IYS) was formally launched at the United Nation Headquarters in New York.
HOW WASH CAN BE USED TO ACHIEVE THE WHOLE MDGs
has been proved beyond every reasonable doubt that Water, Sanitation
and Hygiene (WASH) are crucial to poverty reduction and form the bed
rock of a healthy, productive society. WASH Project will make a
significant contribution to reaching the goal especially through action
to half the proportion of people without access to safe water and
sanitation, which are specific target within goal Seven. Sanitation is a
good economic investment. Improved sanitation has positive impacts on
economic growth and poverty reduction. Without health and education,
people will continue to remain trapped in the stranglehold of poverty
and disease. Below is how WASH relates to each of the MDGs:
1. ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER
Time-Consuming Water Collection greatly
contributes to poverty. WASH programme will provide convenient water supply and
this will allow people to look after their family’s water quickly, freeing up
the rest of the day for earning much-needed cash or tending to agriculture. In
addition, healthy people are better able to absorb nutrients in food than those
suffering from water-related disease, particularly worms which rob their host
There are important side benefit from the
establishment of wells and Pumps. Excess water is often used to nurture kitchen
garden which provides a sustainable sources of vegetable to vary people’s
diets. WASH will also advocate the use of composing latrine which produces a
free, viable and sustainable alternative to expensive and often polluting
2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
School attendant especially among school
girls is affected by time-consuming water-carrying burdens and poor health. A
lack of adequate sanitation facilities in School also prevents girls from
attending schools, particularly when they are menstruating. Convenient access
to clean water and improved sanitation facilities in schools not only give
children time and an appropriate environment, it also help to recruit and
retain Professional teachers. So, Water and Sanitation facilities in schools
make school more appealing and attractive to children even more than their
homes. So, that will make them to yearn more for schooling than staying at home
especially in developing world.
3. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Woman
It is vital for women to be actively
involved in all stages of community Projects. With their details knowledge of
local water resources and as the main user of future Water Points, women are
best placed to choose the ideal location for new water project. Women will also
be used as Hygiene Educators as they would be able to talk to other women
freely. Involving women in projects has a positive impact on women positions
and status in the community and in the society at large. Women are given the
priority as a must to be members of Community WASHCOM (Water Sanitation and Hygiene Committee). Any Committee
they are forming in the community in respect to WASH project would encompass
men and women with gender equality in view.
4. Reduce Child Mortality by 2/3 for Children Under Five
Children are most vulnerable to those
diseases that result from lack of water, injection of polluted water, poor
sanitation and unhygienic practices. Diarrhoeal is the biggest single killer of
children in the developing world where 5,000 children die every day from water
related illnesses. In Nigeria a child die at every 4minutes due to same reason.
Hygiene Education, Potable Water Provision, Community Led Total Sanitation
(CLTS) Innovative Programme, School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE)
Programmes will and put in places, measures to improve the health conditions of
5. Improve Maternal Health
During pregnancy, women in developing
countries still have to travel far to collect water and a lack of Sanitation
facility and available water mean that basic hygiene practices cannot be
carried out effectively. After child birth, women are often unable to wash
themselves or the baby. Access to clean water and sanitation help woman to
minimise their chances of contracting water born and poor sanitation related
diseases which maternal mortality and ill health to the innocent Baby or themselves
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases
Over a billion people in the world do not
have access to safe water and over two billion lack adequate Sanitation. Safe
drinking water and basic sanitation help prevent water-related diseases
including deadly diarrhoeal disease. Improved water management also reduces
transmission risks of malaria and dengue Fever.
Research has revealed that, clean water and
sanitation assists HIV/AIDS Sufferer
from early maturity of their illnesses. People contracting Water-Related
illnesses are very likely to have compromised their immune system, which may
cause them to succumb more quickly to the HIV virus and Develop AIDS-Related
illnesses. Conversely, the immune system of those living with HIV will be less
likely to fight or recover from Water-related illness. If people living with
HIV can imbibe Sanitation culture and have access to potable water, their
immune system will be better off and not easily succumb to the attach of the
7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
The MDGs target 3 in Goal 7 is to half the
Proportion of people without access to Water and Sanitation. This is primary
target on WASH and it would be strongly supported by all intervention on WASH
project embark upon by our organization. We are working in local communities.
We will still be working with other partners/stakeholders to ensure that
appropriate technologies are used and that the completed projects are handed
over to the communities.
By putting in place a well structured WASH
unit or department, WASH project can be easily executed consistently and
sustainably. M&E activities should be well structured to enhance
sustainable development of project works. It should also include capacity
building of primary stakeholders, TOT training of facilitators seminars and
workshops for staff. Advocacy and awareness creation through various media
should not be underestimated. Another key part of the strategy is to ensure all
future water supply and sanitation Projects supported by any organization we
are working with to address the issues of water depletion and contamination
through appropriate integrated Water Resource Management and ensure that they
are inline with international Policy and Guideline.
8. Develop a Global Partnership for
WASH project can only be achieved through
collaborative efforts. You can start feeling the trend, International NGO are partnering
with Nation NGOs, National NGOs with Local NGOs, Local NGOs Partnering with one
another, CSOs with CBOs, National NGO with government and government in turn
with NGOs and so on. So, there is no limit to the extent to which partnership
is needed in implementing WASH project.
serves as part of a mutual reinforcing framework to improve overall human
development. The MDGs provide a vision of development with health and education
at its core and Poverty Alleviation as its Overall target. Development is not
all about economic growth. Indeed, economic development is totally dependent on
Healthy people having time to work.