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Climate change is global phenomenon and caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the lower atmosphere. The main sources of greenhouse gases are due to human activities. CO2 which is a major gas causing greenhouse gas effects, has been increased by 38 percent in current level with 880 billion tons in atmosphere now. It is estimated to reach to upper limit of 935 billion tons before final tipping point to an unpredictable or undetermined climate state on 2020 at present loading rate of 4.4 billion tons per year. The effect of climate change is seen as large change in precipitation, sea level rise, and shift climate zones towards the poles and ecosystems decline. Climate change affects two dimensions of space and temporal on availability of water, the sanitation and hygiene which automatically effected in multi-dimensional frame such as space, time, health, wealth and dignity etc. It needs to analysis the effects on water systems consisting of agricultural water, sea water, surface and groundwater, for overall impact; whereas effects on water quality, pollution and health due to climate change summarize total effect on sanitation and hygiene

Climate Change and Global Warming:

Global warming and climate change refer to an increase in average global temperatures. Natural events and human activities are believed to be contributing to an increase in average global temperatures. This is caused primarily by increases in “greenhouse” gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2). A warming planet thus leads to a change in climate which can affect weather in various ways. To understand the real concept of Global Warming one needs to have full understanding of the natural phenomenon called, “ The Green House Effect.”

(Read more on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptationn in Nigeria by clicking these numbers below)


1 (Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation by Ayo Salami)


2, (Risk Management and Challenges of Climate Change in Nigeria)

3,(Department of Climate Change - Federal Ministry of Environment)

 4, ( Information on Climate Change In Nigeria - BNRCC - Building .. )  


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For more information on Climate Change and how it affects each and every goal of the MDGs, click on the Climate change and the MDGs tab at left menu.